How to Justify Text in Excel: A Step-by-Step Guide

Justifying text in Excel is a simple task that can greatly enhance the readability and appearance of your spreadsheet. To justify text, you’ll need to access the alignment options in the ‘Home’ tab, where you can adjust the text alignment to your preference. After doing so, your text will be evenly distributed across the cell, giving it a clean and organized look.

After you complete the action of justifying text in Excel, your spreadsheet will have a more polished and professional appearance. The text within the cells will be aligned to both the left and right edges, providing a uniform look to your data.


When it comes to creating spreadsheets, Excel is a powerhouse that’s packed with features to make our data look as clear and presentable as possible. One such feature is text justification, which refers to aligning text evenly between the left and right margins within a cell. While this might seem like a small detail, it’s actually quite significant. Proper text alignment can improve the readability of your data, make your spreadsheets look more professional, and help you communicate information more effectively.

Justifying text is particularly important for those who work with large amounts of text data, such as financial analysts, administrative assistants, or anyone needing to present spreadsheet data to others. It’s a simple technique that can make a world of difference in the overall appearance of your work. Whether you’re new to Excel or have been using it for years, understanding how to justify text is a valuable skill that’s worth mastering.

Step by Step Tutorial on How to Justify Text in Excel

Before diving into the steps, it’s important to note that justifying text in Excel will align your text evenly between the margins of a cell, similar to how text appears in a newspaper column. This can make your text look neater and more professional.

Step 1: Select the cells with the text you want to justify

Click and drag to highlight the cells containing the text you want to adjust.

When you select the cells, make sure you only include the ones with the text you intend to justify. If you select extra cells, they will also be affected by the justification, which might not be what you want.

Step 2: Click the ‘Home’ tab on the ribbon

On the Excel ribbon, the ‘Home’ tab houses the essential tools for formatting your spreadsheet.

This is where you’ll find all the basic formatting options, including font type, size, color, and text alignment.

Step 3: Locate the ‘Alignment’ group within the ‘Home’ tab

Within the ‘Home’ tab, you’ll find the ‘Alignment’ group, which is where the text justification option is located.

The ‘Alignment’ group includes options for horizontal and vertical text alignment, as well as text control features like wrap text and merge cells.

Step 4: Click the ‘Justify’ button

In the ‘Alignment’ group, click on the icon that shows lines of text aligned evenly on both sides. This is the ‘Justify’ button.

By clicking this button, the text in your selected cells will spread out to align evenly with both the left and right edges of the cell.


Improves readabilityJustified text is easier to read because it creates a clean, uniform look.
Makes spreadsheets look more professionalJustification adds a touch of polish that can make your work stand out.
Helps communicate information more effectivelyWhen text is neatly justified, it’s easier for others to follow and understand.


Can create awkward spacingSometimes, justifying text can result in uneven spaces between words.
Not always suitable for small cellsJustifying text in small cells can make the text hard to read.
May not work well with certain types of dataIf your cells contain more numerical data than text, justification may not be necessary.

Additional Information

Justifying text in Excel is a handy tool, but it’s not the only way to format your text. Depending on the nature of your data and the overall look you’re aiming for, you might also consider other alignment options like left, center, or right alignment. It’s also important to keep in mind that while justifying text can enhance the appearance of your spreadsheet, it’s not always necessary. Use it when it improves clarity and readability but avoid overusing it to the point where it detracts from the data.

Another tip is to consider the size and font of your text when justifying. If the text is too small or the font is too elaborate, justification might make it harder to read. Similarly, if you’re working with cells that contain a mixture of text and numbers, it’s usually better to opt for a different alignment that won’t disrupt the natural flow of the data.

Remember, the goal is to make your data as clear and accessible as possible. Sometimes, a simple left alignment will do the job perfectly. But when you need that extra level of polish, justification can be your best friend.


  1. Select the cells with text to justify.
  2. Click the ‘Home’ tab.
  3. Locate the ‘Alignment’ group.
  4. Click the ‘Justify’ button.

Frequently Asked Questions

What if I accidentally justify the wrong cells?

Simply select the cells again and choose a different alignment option to undo the justification.

Can I justify text in merged cells?

Yes, you can justify text in merged cells just like you would in any other cell.

Why does my justified text have large gaps between words?

This can happen if there’s too much space in the cell. Try adjusting the column width or reducing the amount of text.

Is it possible to justify text vertically in Excel?

Excel primarily focuses on horizontal text alignment, but you can center text vertically within a cell.

Can I justify text in Excel on a Mac?

Yes, the process for justifying text in Excel is the same for both Windows and Mac users.


When it comes to sprucing up your spreadsheets, knowing how to justify text in Excel is a small but mighty skill to have in your arsenal. It can take your data from looking haphazard to polished with just a few clicks. Just remember to use this feature judiciously – pun intended – and always keep readability in mind.

Whether you’re creating a financial report, organizing a list, or presenting data, justified text can help ensure your spreadsheets are not only informative but also pleasing to the eye.